Your Tuesday Briefing

First steps for Israel’s fragile coalition.,

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We’re covering challenges for Israel’s new government and a rare interview with a top Chinese virologist.

ImageIsrael's new coalition government at the president's residence in Jerusalem on Monday. It won office in a parliamentary vote on Sunday.
Israel’s new coalition government at the president’s residence in Jerusalem on Monday. It won office in a parliamentary vote on Sunday.Credit…Emmanuel Dunand/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Israel’s fragile new coalition government gave a first glimpse of its priorities on Monday, as ministers announced plans to repair ties with U.S. Democrats, investigate a disaster at a religious site that killed 45 and permit a far-right march through Jerusalem.

Israel’s bond with U.S. Democratic lawmakers frayed under Benjamin Netanyahu, and Yair Lapid, the new foreign minister, called for bipartisanship.

Separately, Benny Gantz, the defense minister, issued a formal call for a commission of inquiry into a stampede at the holy Jewish site on Mt. Meron that killed 45 worshipers last month. Netanyahu’s government, in contrast, did not call for an investigation for fear of angering ultra-Orthodox politicians.

But allowing a far-right Jewish march through Palestinian neighborhoods in East Jerusalem stuck to a decision made in the final days of the Netanyahu administration. Hamas vowed to respond.


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President Xi Jinping of China at a military parade in Beijing in 2019.Credit…Thomas Peter/Reuters

China’s rising military ambitions present challenges that must be addressed, NATO said on Monday, the first time it has portrayed the country’s armed forces in such a potentially confrontational way.

While the communique described Russia as a “threat” to NATO, using tough language that was not necessarily a surprise, it was the description of China that attracted unusual attention.

China is not directly called a threat, but NATO states that “China’s growing influence and international policies can present challenges that we need to address together as an alliance.” The leaders cited Beijing’s expanding nuclear arsenal and more sophisticated delivery systems as well as its expanding navy and its military cooperation with Russia.

Russia: While focus on China grows, many nations still see Russia as the main concern. “Russia’s aggressive actions constitute a threat to Euro-Atlantic security,” NATO’s communique states.

What’s next: Leaders signed off on plans to spend next year updating the organization’s strategic concept — the group’s statement of values and objectives –taking into account challenges from cyberwarfare, artificial intelligence, disinformation, and new missile and warhead technologies.


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Shi Zhengli inside a laboratory at the Wuhan Institute of Virology in 2017.Credit…Chinatopix, via Associated Press

To the Chinese government and public, Shi Zhengli, who works at the Wuhan Institute of Virology, is a hero who helped curb the epidemic. To American politicians and scientists, she is the key to whether the world will learn if the virus escaped from a lab.

“How on earth can I offer up evidence for something where there is no evidence?” she said in a rare interview with Times reporters, her voice rising in anger during the brief, unscheduled conversation.

Over email, she denounced suspicions of the lab origins theory as baseless, including the allegations that several of her colleagues may have been ill before the outbreak emerged.

The big question: The speculation boils down to one central question: Did Dr. Shi’s lab hold any source of the new coronavirus before the pandemic erupted? Dr. Shi’s answer is an emphatic no. But China’s refusal to allow an independent investigation into her lab, or to share data on its research, make it difficult to validate Dr. Shi’s claims.

Here are the latest updates and maps of the pandemic.

In other developments:

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A bus believed to be carrying Michael Taylor and his son Peter Maxwell Taylor arriving at court in Tokyo on Monday.Credit…Yuichi Yamazaki/Getty Images

A Morning Read

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David Teniers the Younger, “Archduke Leopold William in His Picture Gallery in Brussels” (1651). Credit…Museo del Prado, Madrid. Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY

How do you buy a work of art? The question is, on the surface, a simple one. But in practice, in addition to the disposable income one needs that has been hard to come by in the pandemic, it can be hard to keep up with trends, go into galleries and not be intimidated, and sort through the sheer quantity of options and price points. Our T magazine editors compiled a sweeping guide to how to buy, based on interviews with gallery owners, collectors and artists.

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Friday evening rush hour traffic in Manhattan. Credit…Sasha Maslov for The New York Times

Rush hour has long ruled our lives, our cities, our tax dollars. But with a little more remote work, it doesn’t have to.

Traffic has begun to return as the economy has revived. But planners are now considering that it won’t revert to its old shape. About a third of workers in the U.S. hold jobs that economists say could be done remotely. If many of them worked at home one day a week, peak commuting trips would decline by a few percentage points. That small number could be a big deal, because roadway congestion is nonlinear — a few more cars at a tipping point can strangle a highway.

“So much of the central paradigm of transportation planning for the last two to three generations has been, ‘How do we make the peak of the peak suck less?'” Christopher Forinash, a transportation planner, told The Upshot. If rush hour ceases to dominate planning, that could free up space, resources and desire for bike lanes and better bus service, which could take even more cars off the roads.

What to Cook

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Credit…Con Poulos for The New York Times. Food Stylist:Jerrie-Joy Redman-Lloyd.

This vegan version of larb, a ground meat dish that originated in Laos, features crumbled extra-firm tofu and a spicy, citrusy sauce. Serve it with some three-herb iced tea.

What to Read

Want to learn more about how the movies were made? These books are a good place to start.

What to Drink

Coffee has been linked to a reduced risk of all kinds of ailments, including Parkinson’s disease, melanoma, prostate cancer, even suicide.

Now Time to Play

Here’s today’s Mini Crossword, and a clue: Method of coffee brewing (four letters).

And here is today’s Spelling Bee.

You can find all our puzzles here.


That’s it for today’s briefing. See you next time. — Melina

P.S. Anatoly Kurmanaev, who has spent most of his journalistic career in Venezuela, joins our Mexico City bureau as a correspondent.

The latest episode of “The Daily” is on Apple’s relationship to China.

Whet Moser wrote the Arts and Ideas. You can reach Melina and the team at briefing@nytimes.com.

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